Oral and maxillofacial surgery is one of the main and most important parts of dentistry. Diseases related to teeth and jaws of individuals of all ages are included in the surgical department. Oral and dental surgery is the department where treatment methods such as tooth extraction, 20-year-old tooth extraction, lake tooth extraction, all on four implant design, bone dust (graft), jaw cysts, phrenectomy (lip/tongue ligament removal) are applied.


Tooth extraction


Thanks to developments in technology and an increase in treatment opportunities, the diseased tooth is tried to be treated first before tooth extraction. In cases where it is not possible to keep the tooth in the mouth, tooth extraction is performed. Untreatable teeth are extracted only as a last resort. Tooth extraction is the name given to the process of removing the tooth from its dental alveolus (socket).


20 Age Tooth Extraction


20-year-old teeth are the last to come out, located at the back of the jaw. Since they generally do not adapt to the jaw structure, most people bring complaints such as pain and abscess. In such cases, 20-year-old tooth extraction becomes necessary.


Problems such as pain and abscess are caused by the inability of wisdom teeth to find sufficient space in the jaw to come out. Teeth that cannot find sufficient space due to the jaw structure can damage the tooth alongside as well as deteriorate the jaw structure. In order not to encounter such problems, it is recommended that people consult their dentists at the beginning of the appearance of wisdom teeth. In some cases, after careful examination, it may be concluded that the wisdom teeth of people with a suitable jaw structure do not need to be extracted.


Embedded Tooth Extraction


Embedded tooth extraction is a surgical tooth extraction method applied to teeth that are not positioned correctly in the mouth even though it is time to come out. Embedded teeth may occur as a result of jaw stenosis, genetic factors, and displacement of neighboring teeth due to displacement. Impacted teeth often manifest themselves with pain complaints. Some impacted teeth can cause cyst formation and infections.


You should definitely consult your dentist about impacted teeth that cannot find enough space to come out and give you a hard time. Positioning of the tooth in the jaw is checked with an x-ray taken, and the patient's complaints get resolved with embedded tooth extraction.


All On Four Implant Design


All fourteen implant design is a method applied naturally or to people who have no teeth left after tooth extraction. Four implants are placed at certain points determined in the jaw. Dental prostheses on implanted implants get fixed. This procedure performed on edentulous patients is called all on four implant designs. This operation can be performed on dental implant surgery for all patients who do not have a disease and have sufficient bone volume.


All On Four Implant Design is an operation that can be easily performed under local anesthesia. No pain is felt during the operation process under the effect of anesthesia. After the operation, the patient can easily continue their social life with painkillers.


After the All On Four Implant Design is performed, the patient can continue to feed thanks to the temporary prosthesis placed. It is possible to maintain your daily life very comfortably by following the three-month nutrition plan your dentist will recommend, which is the process of fusing dental implants to the bone.


Chin Bone Powders (Graft)


Chin bone powders (graft) are known as bone powders. Grafts originated from human, animal, or synthetic resources are produced in the form of powder or blocks. It is used due to insufficient bone presence in the oral bone structure which may occur for various reasons. Before the presence of insufficient bone in implant operations, elevation is made by using chin bone powders (graft).


Jaw Cysts


Jaw cysts can occur in any area of ​​the mouth due to teeth. Patients can understand jaw cysts by symptoms such as pain or swelling. However, in some cases, it can grow enormously without being noticed.


Jaw cysts have various treatment methods according to the jaw structure of the person and the size of the cyst. In any scenario, jaw cysts should be surgically removed. Jaw cysts are removed under anesthesia. As with other surgical methods, the treatment process is completed with the medications and antiseptic mouthwash that your doctor will recommend to you.


Frenectomy (Lip/Tongue Removal)


Frenectomy (Lip/Tongue Removal) is a very simple operation that is performed only in minutes. With developing technology, it is easily removed with a laser, even without bleeding. Apart from this treatment method that does not leave any scars or require stitches, surgical methods may also be needed. Sutures are made after these surgical procedures. The stitches are removed by the dentist one week after the procedure.


Surgical Guide


Physicians, who are the Surgical Guide, determine the angle and position of the implants. Three-dimensional tomography is taken before the operation and the jaw image of the patient is examined. A flawless operation is ensured with the rehearsal made in a virtual environment with the chin image. After the rehearsal, the implants are placed in the patient's mouth and the operation is completed.

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